6 departments release children’s obesity prevention and control program at least 3 hours a week

The annual growth rate of overweight and obesity rate of 0-18 year olds and adolescents in 2020-2030 is at baseline%, which ensures that the primary and secondary school students have high intensity physical activities at least 3 hours a week, and public sports facilities are open to children and adolescents free or low charge. It is not encouraged to use pictures, descriptions and shape designs that attract children in marketing and food packaging for children Recently, in order to actively prevent and control the overweight and obesity of children and adolescents, the state health and Health Commission, the Ministry of education, the General Administration of market supervision, the General Administration of sports, the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League and the National Women’s Federation have issued and issued them. What is there? With the rapid development of economy and society and the improvement of people’s living standard, the dietary structure and lifestyle of children and adolescents have undergone profound changes. In addition, due to heavy school burden and popularization of electronic products, the nutrition imbalance and physical activity of children and adolescents are widespread, and the overweight and obesity rate is rising rapidly It has become an important public health problem which threatens the physical and mental health of children and adolescents in China. Childhood obesity will increase the risk of premature occurrence of chronic diseases such as adult obesity, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes, which will pose a threat to health and bring heavy burden to individuals, families and society. This plan is specially formulated to actively prevent and control overweight and obesity of children and adolescents. To implement the national health and health conference and deployment, in accordance with relevant requirements, to improve the health level and quality of children and adolescents as the core, to promote the balance of children and adolescents’ eating and movement, to strengthen the responsibility of the government, society and individuals, to promote close cooperation among families, schools, communities and medical and health institutions, to vigorously popularize knowledge of nutrition and health and physical activities, and optimize The service of weight management for children and adolescents, the construction of supporting environment for obesity prevention and control, effective control of overweight and obesity epidemic, promoting the healthy growth of children and adolescents, and helping the construction of healthy China. The national goal is [/p > < p >. The average annual growth rate of overweight and obesity rate in 2002-2017 was taken as the baseline year-old children and adolescents overweight rate and obesity rate at baseline%, which laid the foundation for achieving zero growth of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The sub regional goals are

< p > respectively. According to the status quo of overweight and obesity rate of children and adolescents in different regions, the provinces in China are divided into three endemic areas, namely high, medium and low. In 2020-2030, the annual growth rate of overweight and obesity rate of children and adolescents in high prevalence areas is at baseline%, and that of children and adolescents in middle epidemic areas is at baseline. The average annual increase of overweight rate and obesity rate of children and adolescents in low prevalence areas is at baseline, helping children develop scientific eating behaviors. Strengthen the concept that parents and caregivers are the first responsible person for children’s health, improve their nutritional and health quality, make them reasonably choose, match and cook food for children, ensure food diversification, reduce cooking methods such as frying and frying, control the amount of oil, salt and sugar, avoid unhealthy food and reduce eating outside. We should cultivate and guide children to eat regularly and independently, educate them not to eat or partial food, learn to match food reasonably and choose snacks, and not drink or drink less sugar containing drinks. To cultivate children’s active physical activity habit. To create a good family sports atmosphere, actively guide children to carry out outdoor activities and physical exercises. Parents and children should be encouraged to exercise together, and create necessary conditions to promote daily and living sports. To cultivate children and adolescents’ sports interests, to master 1-2 sports skills, to guide children to develop regular exercise habits, reduce the time of children using electronic screen products, and ensure sleep time. The weight and growth of children and adolescents were monitored. Parents and caregivers should fully understand the harm of overweight and obesity, regularly measure the height and weight of children, make records, and evaluate the growth and development of children and adolescents according to relevant standards. If necessary, consult professional institutions and take measures to intervene under the guidance of professional personnel. To strengthen community support. Relying on the village committee to organize the consultation and guidance of healthy lifestyle instructors and social sports instructors to carry out the dietary nutrition and physical activities for families, community canteens and catering units, distribute publicity materials, organize lectures on science popularization, improve the practical operation ability of parents and caregivers and practice healthy lifestyle. We will promote the construction of supportive environment for breastfeeding, promote the full implementation of maternity leave system, and encourage qualified public places and work units to establish maternity and infant rooms. To run nutrition and health class well. The knowledge of dietary nutrition and physical activities is integrated into the regular education of primary and secondary schools in kindergarten. Enrich the resources suitable for children of different ages, increase the contents of relevant knowledge such as dietary nutrition and physical activities of teenagers in the training of teachers at national and local levels, and improve teachers’ Professional Literacy and guidance ability. All schools in different regions should combine the work of rural compulsory education students nutrition improvement plan and students’ dining in school, and do well in the propaganda and education of dietary nutrition knowledge. Promote the correct understanding of overweight and obesity children, avoid discrimination against obese children. To improve the food supply of schools. To prepare and revise the food supply guide for kindergartens and primary and secondary schools, and train the catering practitioners in schools and food supply units. The school shall be equipped with full-time nutrition and health management personnel, and if necessary, they may employ nutrition professionals. Optimize the dietary structure of students’ meals, improve the cooking methods, provide food that meets the nutritional needs of children and adolescents according to local conditions, ensure the supply of fresh vegetables, fruits, coarse grains and proper amount of fish, poultry, eggs and milk, avoid providing high sugar, high fat, high salt and other foods, and provide sufficient drinking water in accordance with the national standards. Implement the centralized meal accompany system in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, and supervise the nutrition and safety of students’ meals. It is necessary to ensure the physical activity time in school. To strengthen physical education and extracurricular exercise, schools around the country should strictly implement the national standards of physical education and health courses, and incorporate the physical education achievements into the examination of secondary examination in accordance with relevant regulations. Teachers shall not “mop” or take classes in advance to ensure that students rest and carry out proper physical activities in each class to reduce static behaviors. Ensure that the outdoor activities of kindergarten children in normal weather conditions are not less than 2 hours, including sports activities time of not less than 1 hour. The primary and secondary school students have a physical activity time of more than 1 hour in the middle and above of the school every day, ensuring that at least 3 hours of high-intensity physical activity every week, muscle strength exercise and strong bone exercise are carried out. To strengthen the weight management in pregnancy. Nutrition evaluation, dietary and physical activity guidance are included in pre pregnancy and pregnancy inspection, and nutritional screening and intervention of pregnant women are carried out, so as to promote the maintenance of appropriate weight before pregnancy, regular monitoring of body weight during pregnancy, and prevention of excessive weight gain or weight gain. It is necessary to strengthen the weight management of children and adolescents. We will implement the basic public health service for children aged 0-6 years old, strengthen the popularization of scientific feeding knowledge, skills guidance and individualized consultation, such as breastfeeding and supplementary food addition, and regularly evaluate the growth and development of infants and children. Strengthen the allocation and capacity-building of school doctors or health teachers in kindergartens and school medical rooms, monitor overweight and obesity of children and adolescents, and timely carry out health education and guidance. It is necessary to strengthen the intervention of obese children. To guide and support schools and families to manage the weight of overweight and obese children through reasonable diet, active physical activities and psychological support. Medical and health institutions are encouraged to provide individualized nutrition and exercise prescriptions for overweight and obese children as required. Children with obesity and disease should be treated professionally under the guidance of doctors. To strengthen the popularization of knowledge and skills in obesity prevention and control. We will use the platforms of community, parent school and health class to strengthen the institutionalization and normalization of science popularization, innovate the way of scientific popularization, actively develop and use various forms of propaganda carriers, widely spread the health knowledge related to Chinese residents’ dietary guide, physical activity guide, child obesity prevention and control guide, and popularize scientific and operable obesity to the whole society according to local conditions Prevention and control skills. Strengthen supervision of science popularization publicity and avoid misleading information dissemination. It is necessary to strengthen food marketing management. We will promote and improve relevant laws and regulations. We will further strengthen the management of the sale of breast milk substitutes and standardize the advertising and publicity of breast milk substitutes. Strengthen the marketing management of infant food production. Formulate and improve departmental rules, strengthen food label management for high sugar, high fat and high salt food, and do not encourage the use of pictures, descriptions and shape design that attract children in the marketing and food packaging for children. To improve the sports facilities of children and adolescents. We will strengthen the construction of community children and adolescents’ activity places, fitness trails, cycling roads, sports parks and multifunctional sports venues. We will promote the opening of public sports facilities to children and adolescents free of charge or low fees, and support the opening of sports facilities in primary and secondary schools to children and adolescents during the after-school hours and holidays. Encourage sports venues to provide children and adolescents with adequate drinking water that meets national standards free of charge. It is necessary to strengthen the organization leadership. All regions should improve the awareness of the importance of prevention and control of obesity among children and adolescents, put the prevention and control of obesity among children and adolescents into the important agenda of the government, improve coordination mechanism, strengthen organization and implementation, establish long-term working mechanism, and ensure the implementation of the objectives and tasks of the implementation plan are detailed. It is necessary to create a good atmosphere. All regions should vigorously publicize the importance, objectives and main measures of prevention and control of obesity among children and adolescents, promote the whole society to fully understand and master the role and influence of dietary nutrition, physical activities and supporting environment on overweight and obesity, and create a social atmosphere conducive to the prevention and control of obesity among children and adolescents. It is necessary to coordinate resources of all parties. The prevention and control of obesity among children and adolescents is combined with the actions of the whole people’s healthy lifestyle, national fitness action, basic public health service projects, etc., and the resources are effectively integrated, and social organizations and enterprises such as professional and technical institutions and academic associations are encouraged to participate actively to improve the action guarantee. The monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened. The state health and Health Commission, together with relevant departments, shall formulate monitoring and evaluation measures, organize and carry out monitoring and assessment in a timely manner, and promote the implementation of the work. Health departments at all levels and education departments regularly organize and carry out nutrition and health monitoring for children and adolescents and physical fitness monitoring of students, and scientifically evaluate the progress and effect of prevention and control. 08/17/2020