Gastroscopy is very common. Many people have just heard of it, but they haven’t really done it, or they don’t know what the effect is, or what the doctor has done in it. I’ll give you a detailed introduction.
image diagnosis: gastroscope is a very important means for the diagnosis and treatment of upper gastrointestinal diseases. Through a long tube, from the oral cavity to the upper part of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and duodenum, there is a “high-definition camera” in the front of the tube, which can capture the image inside, and the image is magnified, such as where there is an ulcer and where there is a breath It can be said that we can see clearly where there is inflammation.
pathological diagnosis: biopsy can also be taken for some pathological parts. Biopsy means to send a small forceps from the middle of the tube to clamp out a very small piece of pathological tissue and send it to the pathology department for observation and laboratory test to see if it is inflammation, benign tumor and malignant tumor, so it has strong diagnostic value.
treatment methods: many people don’t know this. Let me give you some examples: for example, it can be used to stop bleeding. For some patients with gastric bleeding, if they see the bleeding point under gastroscope, they can stop bleeding by drugs, clamps and other methods; for another example, they can remove tumors, and some early-stage and special types of gastric and esophageal tumors can be removed under gastroscope. This is not new, it is very difficult More than three A hospitals have carried out a large number of activities; stents can also be placed. For some patients with advanced esophageal cancer, due to the tumor blocking the esophagus, they can not eat, so stents can let food pass. Because I am not working in the gastroscope room, some understanding is not particularly complete.
before the examination: Fasting for 8 hours before the examination. Generally speaking, it is OK to have no breakfast on the day of the examination. There are no special requirements for the day or two before the examination. A few minutes before the examination, the doctor will give a bottle of “liquid medicine”, which is actually local, and can make the throat and esophagus less sensitive. If you think about it, you can’t stand a tube as big as your index finger in your throat.
during the examination: the doctor will let you lie on your side, generally on your left side, with your mouth wide open, and your mouth will be stuffed with a tooth pad, so that your mouth can’t be closed and it will remain open. The examination in the esophagus is relatively simple, because there is only a straight tube, and the examination in the stomach is a bit technical. We need to adjust the angle of the tube, take a full picture of the stomach in a certain order, and do not miss any corner, because there may be lesions in any corner. At this time, you may feel very uncomfortable, nausea, vomiting, tears, and even some people’s stomachache. Listening to the doctor’s instructions will make you feel better. This process usually takes about 10 minutes. If biopsy or treatment is needed, the time will be longer.
after the examination: after the examination, you can take a short rest at the entrance of the examination room, and you can leave in 10-20 minutes. You may feel that your tongue and throat are thick and rough, which is the function of your tongue. After 1-2 hours, you can drink some water. If you don’t cough, you can continue to eat.
the preparation before the examination is basically the same. The difference is that you need to add a link of anesthesia evaluation. During the examination, when you lie down, the anesthesiologist will give you intravenous injection. Within a few seconds, you will fall asleep quietly. The rest of the examination process is the same. The difference is that you don’t feel anything. When the doctor wakes you up, the examination is over. You may feel dizzy for 30 minutes. Take a rest and you can go.
examination time: anesthesia gastroscopy examination is fast, because there is no need to comfort the patients in the middle of the way and explain the cooperation of the patients, a few patients are difficult to cooperate, or even unable to check. It is especially suitable for children and mental patients who can not cooperate.
safety: anesthesia gastroscope needs to be used, which of course increases the risk of anesthesia, but for most people, the risk is very small. It is not suitable for people with severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency, and the anesthesiologist will check this.
in a word, gastroscopy plays an important role. Anesthesia gastroscopy is a good thing. It is safe, comfortable, effective and fast. In a unit with such conditions, it will undoubtedly bring good news to patients. After taking X-ray to discover pregnancy, can the child still want it? The doctor told you so