After 25 weeks of gestational diabetes screening, her colleague Lingling was told that her blood sugar was abnormal. The doctor suggested that she should monitor regularly, adjust her living habits and control her diet. Otherwise, if it continues to rise, it will not be good for pregnancy and childbirth. Lingling is puzzled about this. It’s clear that everything feels good. How is the blood sugar high?
to be on the safe side, pregnant mothers can take blood from 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy for laboratory screening. If sugar screening is a high-risk condition, pregnant mothers must be vigilant and pay attention to being targeted by “gestational diabetes mellitus”.
fasting for 12 hours is required before sugar screening, and then the measurement is conducted 1 hour after oral glucose. If the blood glucose value is greater than or equal to 7.8 mmol, it is abnormal, and further glucose tolerance test is required.
blood glucose values were measured at fasting time, and again at 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours after taking sugar. The normal values of the four measurements were no higher than 5.6, 10.3, 8.6 and 6.7 in turn. If two or more of these values are high, gestational diabetes can be diagnosed.
the incidence rate of this disease has increased in recent years, and the pregnant mothers with family history of diabetes, body mass index greater than 24, history of hypertension, and history of macrosomia childbirth are all high-risk groups.
once diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to carry out standardized blood glucose control. For example, in the daily diet, pay attention to balanced nutrition, and eat less sweet food and high starch food.
in fact, most pregnant mothers don’t realize the seriousness of high blood glucose, and they don’t care about the prenatal examination of sugar screening. They don’t regret until they have gestational diabetes mellitus. In general, if a pregnant mother’s blood sugar is high, the body will send out the following “signals”.
thirst is the most common manifestation of high blood sugar in the body. If you don’t like drinking water or thirst before, but you often feel thirsty for a period of time, and you don’t eat too salty and spicy food, you need to pay attention to it. This is because excessive blood glucose will lead to metabolic disorder, and it is very easy to feel thirsty.
generally, the blood glucose level in the human body will increase after meals. If it exceeds the normal value, it will aggravate the pressure of insulin secretion of pancreas, resulting in excessive burden on organs, which will lead to fatigue and drowsiness.
hyperglycemia is mainly due to the high content of glucose in the blood, which can not be converted into energy for body activities without being digested and absorbed by the human body. Therefore, people with high blood sugar often feel weak, weak and hungry.
if the mothers to be have the above reactions, they must be vigilant. Please do sugar screening test in the hospital from 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy, because once suffering from gestational diabetes, it is a threat to the safety of themselves and the baby.
the blood glucose of pregnant mother exceeds the standard, which is harmful to both the pregnant mother and the fetus. First of all, it is easy to induce gestational hypertension, the incidence of which is four times that of ordinary pregnant women; high blood glucose may also lead to abnormal glucose metabolism after delivery, and then be permanently targeted by “diabetes”.
if the mother has gestational diabetes mellitus, the risk of abortion and premature birth of the fetus is significantly increased. The key is that it is easy to grow into a huge baby in a hyperglycemic environment, which increases the difficulty of delivery; the baby may be more prone to obesity after birth, and the risk of suffering from respiratory distress syndrome is higher than that of ordinary children.
of course, if the blood sugar of the expectant mother is on the high side during pregnancy and does not develop into diabetes, as long as the diet is controlled and the diet structure is adjusted in time, all can be effectively alleviated and treated, such as eating less high sugar and high-fat food.
obesity is an important cause of high blood sugar. If the mother to be overweight, the insulin hypoglycemic activity will be seriously reduced. Therefore, it is better to lose weight before pregnancy and control the weight within a reasonable range.
if the mother to be is older than 35 years old, she will be regarded as an “elderly pregnant woman”. The probability of gestational diabetes mellitus is higher than that of women of the right age. Special attention should be paid to the blood glucose test. 2