The dry climate in late autumn will make the human body present a group of “dry” images, such as dry skin, itchy throat, dry mouth, dry cough, constipation and other discomfort, even the eyes are not immune. As the eye water evaporation faster than other seasons, it is easy to cause eye dry discomfort. Ophthalmologists believe that people who are prone to xerophthalmia in autumn should pay more attention to eye care and eye hygiene, so as to avoid a return of xerophthalmia.
xerophthalmia refers to the abnormal quality or quantity of tear or abnormal dynamics of tear caused by any reason, which leads to the decline of tear film stability, accompanied by eye discomfort and ocular surface tissue pathological features, also known as keratoconjunctivitis xerosis.
in autumn, the air humidity drops and the wind often blows, which is easy to cause dry eyes; in autumn, the secretion of sebaceous glands decreases, causing skin dryness, and at the same time, the amount of lacrimal gland and accessory lacrimal gland secretion decreases correspondingly, which aggravates the symptoms of dry eyes.
the common symptoms of dry eye include dry eyes, easy fatigue, itchy eyes, foreign body sensation, burning sensation, sticky secretions, fear of wind, photophobia, and sensitivity to external stimuli; sometimes the eyes are too dry, and the basic tears are insufficient, but they stimulate the secretion of reflex tears, resulting in frequent tears; in more serious cases, the eyes will be red, swollen, hyperemia, keratosis, and corneal epithelium broken skin There are filamentous adhesion, which can cause keratoconjunctival lesions and affect visual acuity.
① the middle-aged and elderly people are more likely to cause dry eyes because of the decrease of basic secretion, meibomian gland atrophy and insufficient vitamin A intake.
② long time exposure to computer, mobile phone white-collar workers and people who stay up late for a long time will cause a decrease in blinking frequency. In addition, long-term expectation in the air-conditioned room will accelerate the evaporation of tear film on the eyeball, and there will be no sufficient moisture to moisten the cornea and conjunctiva. For a long time, dry and astringent eyes will appear.
when working, you should close your eyes every 40 minutes to let your eyes rest for a while, and the tears in your eyes will be fully smoothed to reduce evaporation. In addition, you need to walk or look far away properly to fully relax your eyes; reduce staying up late and keep regular work and rest.
in addition to regulating the temperature, the air conditioner will also pump moisture to make the indoor air relatively dry. Tear film evaporation rate increased, easy to make eyes dry, astringent. When using air conditioning, you should pay attention to regular window ventilation ~ it is best to put humidifier or air purifier in the room to improve the air environment!
wearing contact lenses will reduce the secretion of dry eyes. To prevent xerophthalmia, it is recommended to wear rimmed glasses.
under the guidance of doctors, try to use eye drops without preservatives. To master the correct method of eye drops: the head will be tilted back later, the lower eyelid will be gently pulled down with one hand, and the liquid medicine will be slowly dripped in, 1 drop at a time, and it should be used according to the doctor’s instructions every day. Don’t overdo it, 4 to 5 times a day. Avoid excessive dependence on eye drops.
Apply warm towel to eyes in the morning and evening or before going to bed for 10 to 15 minutes each time, which is conducive to the secretion of oil and promoting the blood circulation of the eyes. This method persisted for more than a week, can effectively alleviate the symptoms of dry eye Oh ~
walnut is rich in fatty oil, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin C, vitamin E and other nutrients, has the effect of Tonifying the kidney and strengthening the essence, nourishing the liver and eyesight.
records that chrysanthemum “is sweet in nature and cold in taste, and has the effect of dispersing wind heat, calming liver and eyesight”. Chrysanthemum is rich in vitamin A, which is an important material to maintain eye health. Chrysanthemum tea can make people clear headed and bright eyes, especially for liver fire and dry eyes caused by excessive use of eyes. It should be noted that chrysanthemum is cold in nature and cold in constitution. People who are afraid of cold and easy to have cold hands and feet should not drink it frequently.
Lily nourishes Yin and reduces fire, yam nourishes kidney and lung, coix seed benefits dampness and spleen, clearing heat and expelling pus. Jujube is known as natural vitamin pill, which is rich in vitamin C and vitamin A. This porridge not only has good effect on preventing dry eye, but also can be used to improve eyesight. Focus