As we all know, breast disease has always been the “heart disease” of women, such as breast cancer, a highly malignant cancer, which does great harm to women’s health, has always been the most feared by women. But rather than fear, it is better to take preventive measures in advance, such as regular breast self-examination. But for self-examination methods, understanding may be relatively small, leading to many women do not know how to start. So, how to do breast self-examination?
1. Breast is the earliest site of breast cancer invasion, so for breast cancer self-examination, breast is the focus of attention. First of all, we should observe whether the appearance of the breast has changed, whether the bilateral breasts are symmetrical, whether the breast skin has redness, swelling, depression, or even “orange peel like changes”. Then touch to see if there is a lump in the breast.
the touch method is to move the abdomen of the index finger, middle finger and ring finger in one side of the breast in a clockwise or reverse direction, touch the breast slowly and carefully, at least three circles from the periphery of the breast to the nipple. If you touch a hard, irregular edge, unsmooth surface, low activity mass, you need to be aware of breast cancer.
2. The second is to check the nipple, and observe whether the nipple skin changes, such as inward depression, deviation, etc. some breast cancer patients may also have nipple discharge, and the liquid properties are mostly bloody, serous or watery.
3. Areola region is also an area that needs attention. Cancer invasion of areola, can cause areola and its surrounding skin pruritus, red patchy eczema like changes, the surface may also exudate scab or keratinization desquamation, serious may also form ulcers. Therefore, in the observation of areola, we should focus on these suspicious symptoms.
4. Axillary lymph node enlargement is mainly caused by cancer invading the surrounding lymphatic vessels and transferring to the local lymphatic drainage area. Therefore, in breast cancer self-examination, axillary examination should not be ignored. Pay attention to observe and touch whether there is lymph node enlargement.
in short, in order to detect breast cancer as early as possible and prevent breast cancer, it is suggested that women should carry out regular self-examination and pay more attention to the breast, nipple, areola and armpit, which are easily invaded by cancer.
in addition, women should also develop good living habits in their daily life, such as healthy diet, reasonable exercise, regular living and so on. If time permits, it is suggested that women should go to the hospital regularly for breast examination, which is more secure. It is worth noting that if the size and shape of the breast are changed, the skin is sunken, erosive, or the nipple is overflowed with blood or other liquid, it is recommended to go to the hospital. Focus