According to the report, lung cancer is the second most common cancer among men and women. Although smokers are the high-risk group for lung cancer, it is surprising that 20% of people who die from lung cancer do not smoke. Air pollution, second-hand smoke, carcinogens such as asbestos and diesel exhaust are also major risk factors for lung cancer, the association said.
according to reports on foreign websites, the best defense is to know what the early symptoms of lung cancer have, so as to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. That is, if cancer is diagnosed early, the greater the chance of cure will be.
2. Hemoptysis: This is one of the common symptoms of lung cancer patients, and it is the only symptom of 7% of clinical patients. It can be manifested as blood in sputum or blood sputum, once the occurrence of more serious hemoptysis, indicating the progress of the disease, the condition is critical;
3, chest pain: nearly half of patients will have chest pain in the early stage, which will be aggravated when deep breathing, coughing and laughing. It is often manifested as dull pain or dull pain, the site is relatively diffuse, often without obvious fixed position, sometimes chest pain is inconsistent with the tumor site;
4, shortness of breath: often manifested as shortness of breath after exercise, inspiratory dyspnea, chest tightness, etc., sometimes shortness of breath is often mistaken for age or weight gain;
6. Shoulder or arm pain: This is the upper sulcus tumor In addition to shoulder pain in the medial arm, the pain also radiates toward the little finger;
7. Unexplained weight loss: generally refers to weight loss of more than 5% during 6-12 months, but it is sometimes ignored due to no obvious discomfort.
some studies have found that smoking is more likely to ignore the early symptoms of lung cancer. However, lung cancer is not a disease that smokers need to worry about. In recent years, the incidence rate of lung cancer in young and non-smoking women is also rising. Therefore, if one or more symptoms appear, it is necessary to check the hospital as early as possible.
smoking ≥ 20 packs / year. For example, if you smoke two packs of cigarettes a day for more than 10 years, or a pack of cigarettes a day for more than 20 years, it’s 20 packs / year. Note that this includes smoking among smokers, but the time for smoking cessation is less than 15 years.
international experience shows that taking positive preventive measures, early screening and standardized treatment can significantly reduce the incidence rate and mortality of cancer. As the most common malignant tumor, early screening of lung cancer is very important. The first step of early screening is to gradually understand the screening population and screening methods. To put an end to lung cancer, we must regularly do a good job in screening, pay attention to the observation of early symptoms, once discomforts must be timely to the hospital for examination and treatment. 08/17/2020