In recent years, with the change of life style, the prevalence of fatty liver is increasing rapidly, which has become the first chronic liver disease. Fatty liver disease, including alcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, of which, the global prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is 6% to 33%, and here, the average prevalence rate is 24.4%. When it comes to fatty liver, we all think that it is a disease of wealth. It is a disease that those who drink more and eat well will get it. However, recently, a review report published thinks that three groups of people need to prevent fatty liver in advance. What’s the matter? Let’s read the main points of the report now. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has many related factors, including genetic susceptibility, unreasonable dietary structure, bad eating habits and lifestyle of more sitting and less exercise. The report suggests that children and adolescents, future parents, and 3 groups of women before and after menopause need to take early intervention measures to reduce the incidence rate of fatty liver. These suggestions are based on the characteristics of fatty liver disease, and we will describe them separately now.
probably many people do not imagine that the incidence rate of fatty liver among children aged 5 to 9 has reached 3%, the prevalence rate of adolescents is about 8% to 11%, while the proportion of obese adolescents is about 38%. Studies have found that childhood BMI is associated with cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver related death in adulthood. Moreover, fatty liver disease occurs in children and adolescents with a long course of disease, and chronic liver disease may occur during this period. Therefore, to prevent fatty liver, we should start from children, focus on the control of overweight and obesity, the main measures are diet change and exercise. The key measure to prevent fatty liver in children and adolescents is diet. Studies have confirmed that a diet rich in refined carbohydrates is independently associated with fatty liver development in obese children. In addition, special attention should be paid to fructose intake. Fructose intake was associated with increased levels of glutamyltransferase and tumor necrosis factor, while a 9-day low fructose diet reduced blood pressure, alanine aminotransferase levels, liver steatosis and liver fat synthesis. At the same time, exercise is also an important measure. After 12 weeks of intervention, it can reduce steatosis and insulin resistance. The second group of people who need to prevent fatty liver ahead of time are the future parents. In addition, studies have shown that the risk of obesity in the mother’s womb and in the offspring is related to the increased risk of fatty liver in pregnancy and offspring. Therefore, if you want to create a person, you need to lose weight first and pay attention to metabolic abnormalities during pregnancy preparation. The third group of people who need to prevent fatty liver in advance is premenopausal women. The study found that the incidence rate of fatty liver is higher in postmenopausal women, and the risk of liver fibrosis increases with the increase of menopause time. At present, hormone replacement therapy has become a program for postmenopausal women to prevent fatty liver. At the same time, studies have also shown that low carbohydrate and high fiber diet for 6 months can reduce the liver fat content and glycosylated hemoglobin level; some studies believe that adequate choline intake can help to alleviate the progress of liver fibrosis. Dietary measures are very important for the prevention of fatty liver. Relevant studies suggest that the intake of five kinds of food should be limited. The first is sugar and sugar containing products, especially candy, beverage and baked food added with sugar, which should be less stained; the second is alcohol, which is usually manifested as fatty liver in the early stage of alcoholic liver disease, and then develops into hepatitis, liver fibrosis and liver cirrhosis; the third is refined cereals, such as bread, noodles, white rice, which have a greater impact on blood sugar, and should use whole wheat products and bell The fourth category is fried food; the fifth category is pork, beef and processed meat rich in saturated fat, so fish, seafood and tofu should be used instead of meat. Does it feel like the whole family needs to prevent fatty liver disease? It’s true that with such an understanding, one can take the first step in a healthy journey. 15 entry-level basic skin care rules, skin care Xiaobai quickly take to collect!