[Focus] China CDC issues the first important reminder in autumn and winter 2020! Are you ready?

Recently, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new version of influenza vaccination guidelines to resist the risk of overlapping epidemics of the new epidemic and respiratory infectious diseases such as influenza in autumn and winter this year. < / P > < p > the guidelines mainly include the characteristics of influenza etiology, epidemiology and seasonality, the health and economic burden caused by influenza in different populations, the types and immunogenicity, efficacy, effect, cost-benefit and safety of influenza vaccines, and vaccination recommendations for 2020-2021. < / P > < p > other high-risk groups of influenza, including the elderly aged 60 and above, children aged 6 months to 5 years, patients with chronic diseases, family members and caregivers of infants under 6 months, pregnant women or women who are going to be pregnant in the influenza season, etc. < / P > < p > in autumn and winter, the temperature drops, and the survival and reproduction ability of influenza virus is enhanced, and the human body is immune to influenza The epidemic power also decreased. In addition, the crowd gathering and poor ventilation, the decline of air quality lead to the virus easily attached to the particles in the air, which is also an important factor. < / P > < p > the common cold is often caused by cold or respiratory diseases caused by rhinovirus, coronavirus, bacteria and other pathogens, which is not infectious, mild symptoms and self limiting. < / P > < p > influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus infection, which is mainly transmitted through its close respiratory droplets, and can also be directly or indirectly transmitted through oral cavity, nasal cavity, eyes and other mucous membranes, resulting in aggregated epidemic in places where people gather. < / P > < p > the onset of influenza is acute, and most of them are self limiting, but some of them may develop to severe influenza due to complications such as pneumonia, and a few severe cases may die due to acute respiratory distress syndrome and / or multiple organ failure. < / P > < p > the symptoms of influenza are the main basis of clinical routine diagnosis and treatment. Influenza generally presents as acute onset, fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, body pain, shivering, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting and other symptoms. < / P > < p > the symptoms and signs of influenza lack specificity, and are easily confused with common cold and other upper respiratory tract infections. Influenza diagnosis depends on laboratory diagnosis. The detection methods include viral nucleic acid detection, virus isolation and culture, antigen detection and serological detection. < / P > < p > previously, Professor Zhang Wenhong pointed out that there may be a wave of influenza peak in autumn and winter of this year, which may cause misdiagnosis when mixed with new crown, and then lead to mutual transmission between new crown patients and influenza patients. With the flu vaccine, the risk of the new crown and flu will be reduced, and the disease will not worsen due to co infection. < / P > < p > the peak of influenza is in autumn and winter. It is suggested that people who need to be vaccinated should be vaccinated in advance before the peak of influenza. Secondly, for those who have just been vaccinated against influenza, it is recommended not to take strenuous exercise, drink more water and pay more attention to rest, so as to avoid discomfort caused by infection. 08/16/2020