Hyperglycemia is a typical symptom of diabetes. Hyperglycemia can produce metabolic disorder, which is one of the important factors causing diabetes. The protein and glucose score of renal tissue will play a role in the continuous increase of blood glucose, which will rationalize the biochemical structure of protein and change the cross-linking property, thus causing proteinuria. In addition, most patients with diabetes have hypertension, which will accelerate the development of diabetes to uremia.
urine urination when the surface of small bubbles, which can not disappear for a long time, this is a manifestation of uremia. In addition, even if the blood glucose is effectively controlled, but nocturia suddenly increases, in this case, you need to go to the hospital to do 24-hour urine microalbuminuria and routine urine examination.
when the kidney of diabetic patients is damaged, the renal drainage function will be impaired, resulting in the increase of water and sodium, and water will accumulate in the most loose tissues or the peripheral parts of the body, resulting in edema of lower limbs and eyelids. In addition, patients will also be accompanied by general weakness, headache, dizziness, pale face and anemia.
hypertension and nephropathy complement each other and restrict each other. Therefore, diabetic patients should control their blood pressure below 130 / 80mmHg to avoid kidney deterioration.
the more obese the body is, the higher the blood pressure and blood glucose are. Therefore, it is necessary to strictly control the daily total calorie intake, exercise more to maintain normal weight, and choose moderate and low-intensity exercise. If jogging, brisk walking or swimming, you can’t do strenuous exercise.
as long as diabetes patients maintain blood glucose stability, we can prevent kidney disease and avoid the development of uremia. Patients must control glycation below 7%, postprandial blood glucose should not exceed 10 mmol / L and fasting blood glucose should be less than 7 mmol.
hyperlipidemia will also bring irreversible damage to the kidney. Under the joint action of hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and hypertension, diabetic nephropathy will develop into uremia. Therefore, it is necessary to control the blood lipid. The total cholesterol per liter should not exceed 4.5 mmol, and the triglyceride should be controlled at 1.5 mmol.
it is necessary to follow the principle of less salt and less sugar and high-quality protein food. The daily salt intake should not exceed 3-5g, and high-quality protein is the main ingredient, such as milk, lean meat, eggs, etc.
in addition to the above five indicators, we should also control proteinuria to avoid proteinuria exceeding 7%. Diabetic patients at least once a year to do renal function and urine albumin test, can timely detect renal lesions, early intervention. In addition, we should strictly follow the doctor’s instructions, and we should not listen to the so-called folk and secret prescriptions, or increase or reduce the dosage of drugs without authorization, so as to avoid irreversible damage to the kidney and even cause uremia. Regular 24-hour urine protein quantitative and microalbuminuria examination can detect renal lesions as early as possible. Cai Shaofen stopped pregnancy for the first time. The 4 indexes on the B-ultrasound sheet in the early pregnancy were used to see whether the fetal development was good or not