Hypertension is an important risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure and chronic kidney disease. The rehabilitation of patients with hypertension should be based on the principle of “three points of treatment, seven points of recuperation”. < / P > < p > it is very difficult for patients with hypertension to have a reasonable diet, because it means that they may have to change their eating habits over the years. Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, people’s living standards have been constantly improving. If we look at the diet structure, it is from the past coarse grain vegetarian food to refined food meat food, which is the key to a series of health problems. Therefore, it is very important to change diet habits in the prevention and rehabilitation of diseases. < / P > < p > then, how to adjust the diet of patients with hypertension? Reasonable and healthy diet mainly includes the following aspects, including 3 low, low calorie, low salt, low fat; 2, multi vitamins, multi trace elements; 1, quit smoking; 2, limit alcohol, coffee. Obesity is one of the risk factors of hypertension, and the main reason of obesity is excessive calorie intake. Therefore, it is important to control calorie intake and maintain ideal weight to prevent and treat hypertension. In order to effectively control the condition of hypertension patients, it is necessary to learn to control dietary calories, gradually reduce weight, so that the body mass index is controlled at 20-25.
* reducing sodium intake helps lower blood pressure and reduce water and sodium retention. Hypertension patients should eat less salty food at ordinary times, which is very beneficial to control the disease. The recommended salt intake for adults is less than 6 grams per day. Hypertension patients should also eat potassium, magnesium rich food. < / P > < p > too much lipid can increase the blood viscosity and make the blood flow produce greater resistance. As a result, the side pressure of blood on the vascular wall will increase, so that the blood pressure will rise; too much fat intake can also make people fat, and obese people are prone to high blood pressure. Patients with high blood pressure should eat less fat and eat less fat in their diets. < p > < p > the heat energy ratio of food fat should be controlled at about 25% of the whole day’s heat energy, and the maximum should not exceed 30%. Animal fat contains saturated fatty acids, which will increase the incidence rate of hypertension. Vegetable oil with high unsaturated fatty acids can lower blood pressure and prevent stroke. Therefore, vegetable oil should be used instead of animal oil. Long term smoking can lead to increased blood pressure through a variety of mechanisms. It is not easy to obtain satisfactory curative effect by using antihypertensive drugs in patients with hypertension who have the habit of smoking. Hypertension patients should stop smoking as soon as possible. Drinking a lot of alcohol can also increase blood pressure, and liquor with higher degree can increase blood pressure more and more seriously. People who have already suffered from high blood pressure, drinking too much is easy to make the blood pressure rise again; if you stop drinking, it will make the blood pressure drop. For hypertension patients with drinking habits, it is recommended to reduce the daily drinking volume by half, so as to reduce the systolic blood pressure. Of course, abstinence is better. Patients with hypertension should eat more foods rich in vitamin C, such as vegetables and fruits. Recent studies have found that in elderly patients with hypertension, the blood pressure is the lowest when the vitamin C content is the highest. Researchers believe that vitamin C can protect arterial endothelial cells from harmful substances in vivo. Calcium is an important nutrient to control hypertension. Some scholars have found that reducing the intake of calcium in the diet will cause blood pressure to rise. It was found that the systolic blood pressure decreased by 2.5 mmHg and the diastolic blood pressure decreased by 1.3 mmHg for every 100 mg increase in daily calcium intake. In addition, potassium can decrease blood pressure, and the antihypertensive effect of potassium is greater than that of sodium. Many foods are rich in potassium, especially fresh fruits and vegetables, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, asparagus, mushrooms, bananas, persimmons, mangoes, papaya, peaches, pomegranates, oranges, etc. Therefore, patients with hypertension should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. If hypertension patients with diabetes, it is necessary to control the intake of high sugar fruit, Auricularia, kelp, laver and so on are good choices. < / P > < p > according to a report published in the American Journal of hypertension, a cup of coffee can cause blood pressure to rise for up to 12 hours, especially when you are in a stressful mood. Therefore, patients with hypertension should stay away from caffeine. < / P > < p > in short, for patients with hypertension, drug treatment only accounts for a part of it. Diet control and exercise therapy are equally important at ordinary times. Only through comprehensive management from life can we achieve satisfactory treatment effect. 2