Enrofloxacin, ofloxacin, furacilin These harsh sounding chemical terms often appear in food testing results. On August 7, Zhejiang provincial market supervision and Administration Bureau announced the situation of food safety supervision and random inspection in the first half of 2020. Among 1776 batches of unqualified samples, 43.6% were over standard of agricultural and veterinary drug residues, mainly including furacilin metabolites in freshwater shrimp, enrofloxacin and ofloxacin in freshwater fish, and procymidone in leeks.
the issue 36 of 2020 issued by Heilongjiang provincial market supervision and Administration Bureau on August 6 shows that enrofloxacin does not meet the national food safety standards for silver willow, carp and other freshwater fish sold in jingliujie store of Heilongjiang Yonghui Supermarket Co., Ltd.
according to the 19th issue of food safety supervision and random inspection information released by Guangzhou market supervision and Administration Bureau in July 2020, 33 batches of food were unqualified. Among them, “fresh black bone chicken” sold in Liwan Nan’an Road branch of Guangzhou qiandama fresh food chain Co., Ltd., nearly doubled the standard of sulfonamides.
enrofloxacin is used for the treatment of skin infection and respiratory tract infection in animals, which is the exclusive drug for animals. Long term consumption of Enrofloxacin Residues in food may lead to the reduction of human immunity and the enhancement of bacterial resistance.
nitrofuran has been widely used in animal husbandry and aquaculture. Later, it was found that the residues of nitrofuran drugs such as “furacilin, furazolidone” and their metabolites in animal derived food can be transmitted to human beings through the food chain. Long term intake of nitrofurans will cause various diseases, causing cancer, teratogenicity and other side effects. Furacilin has been listed as a prohibited drug. It was listed in the first batch.
the health Times published on May 8, 2020 pointed out that in 2013, a total of 162000 tons of antibiotics were used in China, and more than half of them were used in aquaculture.
Li Yang, vice president of Harbin Food Industry Research Institute, said that some antibiotic enterprises sold antibiotic residues directly to some small feed processing enterprises without treatment or simple treatment with low cost in violation of regulations. This kind of feed is cheaper and welcomed by farmers.
Professor Chen Qiuwen, director of the Ecological Institute of Nanjing Academy of water sciences and director of the ecological environment center of the Yangtze River Protection and Green Development Research Institute, said in an interview with the magazine that antibiotics can not be completely metabolized after entering the human body and animals through drinking water or eating aquatic products. After a long time of ingestion, antibiotics follow the blood circulation and spread throughout multiple organs, resulting in the gradual reduction of immunity 。 In addition, childhood obesity, precocious puberty, and bacterial resistance should not be ignored.