Is it difficult to diagnose coronary heart disease? There is no “mistake” in using these six inspection methods

Angina pectoris is a typical symptom of coronary heart disease, almost every patient with coronary heart disease has different degrees of angina pectoris. However, angina pectoris is easy to be confused with myocardial infarction, which can be identified by the location of angina pectoris attack, the nature of pain, the cause of pain, the duration of pain and whether the medication is relieved. ECG examination is convenient and affordable. Almost every hospital can do ECG examination, even township hospitals can do it. It can diagnose middle and early coronary heart disease. When the patient’s condition changes, the ECG can change. Dynamic observation and various load tests can also be done continuously to improve the diagnostic sensitivity. Whether suffering from myocardial infarction or angina pectoris, ECG changes have certain differences. It can be said that coronary angiography is the gold standard for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease, which can see whether there is coronary artery stenosis, and also can understand the location and severity of stenosis, the scope of artery stenosis, and then guide patients to do the next step of treatment. In addition, left ventricular angiography can be used to evaluate cardiac function. < / P > < p > If angina pectoris can not be ruled out through medical history or ECG examination, radionuclide myocardial imaging can be done. This examination can directly show the ischemic area, and also can understand the ischemic location and scope. Then combined with the phenomenon of exercise test, this can improve the detection rate. < p > < p > to do cardiac ultrasound examination, can roughly understand the shape of the heart and left ventricular function, but also can understand the function of ventricular wall motion, which is a commonly used examination means for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease. Intravascular ultrasound examination can not only understand the shape of coronary artery closure, but also show the degree of stenosis. It is generally applicable to people who are allergic to contrast media. Myocardial enzymology can be used to diagnose acute myocardial infarction and to differentiate coronary heart disease from acute myocardial infarction. If the enzyme concentration sequence in serum changes, it can be diagnosed as myocardial infarction. Aspirin or nitrates are commonly used in patients with coronary heart disease. The former can resist platelet aggregation, while the latter can dilate coronary artery. However, it must be used rationally under the guidance of doctors. During the adjustment of diet structure, more exercise can prevent obesity, control blood pressure, blood lipids and blood sugar. If there is still no effect, coronary stenting is needed. < p > < p > patients with severe coronary heart disease need artery bypass surgery, often using their own great saphenous vein or inferior epigastric artery, suitable for patients with left main coronary artery stenosis, as well as patients with intractable angina pectoris and multi vessel coronary artery disease. < / P > < p > patients with coronary heart disease should keep a light diet, keep away from high-fat, greasy and high sugar foods, eat more fruits and vegetables, and adopt the principle of small amount and multiple meals. Do not stay up late and try not to watch TV dramas or movies that are too tense before going to bed. We must give up smoking and drinking, do not force suddenly, do heavy physical and mental work, and take part in outdoor activities to strengthen our physique. Don’t want to get pimples again? “Acne” you should do this