Is satiety enough during pregnancy? A variety of combinations of nutrition, more conducive to maternal and child health

Pea is a health care worker. She often sees all kinds of overweight pregnant women, and even gets high blood pressure and diabetes. Recently she is pregnant, pea can’t help but worry about her figure. Does a pregnant woman have to be strong and fat? Finally, she consulted her colleagues in the Nutrition Department of the hospital and learned that during pregnancy, as long as we pay attention to the scientific collocation of food and reasonably control the weight, we can recover quickly after childbirth. < / P > < p > the biggest wish of pregnant mothers is to have a safe baby, so for the sake of a safe baby, pregnant women should pay more attention to diet. Only when the mother is healthy, can the baby be healthy. For pregnant women and babies, safe food with balanced nutrition, satiety and no weight gain is the best. Therefore, it is best to start from the preparation of a reasonable diet, pay attention to nutrition. < / P > < p > as a second child mother, I have a lot of feelings about diet during pregnancy. When I was pregnant with my eldest child, I didn’t have much experience and didn’t understand nutrition knowledge during pregnancy. I treated Dabao badly. Fortunately, the baby was born healthy. So when I was pregnant with ER Bao, I paid much attention to nutrition, and the environment was a little more stable. I know that many expectant parents don’t know what to eat for pregnant mothers. Here are some dietary principles based on my experience, hoping to help you. < / P > < p > first of all, smoking and drinking should be forbidden during pregnancy, and the body should be well conditioned for breast-feeding, and proper exercise should be maintained to maintain a happy mood. Only in this way can we make adequate physical preparation for the later labor, and the good mood during pregnancy can make the baby beautiful. < / P > < p > Second, pregnant women should eat more protein foods, such as lean meat, milk, fish, eggs, etc., which are helpful for breast milk secretion, and sufficient protein intake can prevent postpartum hemorrhage. < / P > < p > Third, mineral rich foods, such as animal liver and seafood, should be eaten more, which also helps to supplement DHA. DHA is very good for baby’s brain development. < / P > < p > finally, it is necessary to take more food rich in vitamins and cellulose, which is very good for maintaining gastrointestinal function. It is not convenient to do all kinds of movements in late pregnancy, especially in the bathroom. Food rich in cellulose can effectively prevent constipation. < / P > < p > in terms of diet, the most important thing is to have a balanced nutrition, not to supplement nutrition excessively, but to eat together, so as to be more conducive to the health of mother and child. < / P > < p > in the second trimester of pregnancy, there is no more pregnancy and vomiting, and basic nutritional supplement can be started. Seafood such as fish is rich in nutritional structure, which is conducive to the development of baby’s brain, because fish have all the fat needed for brain development, and the rich nutrients in fish can promote all aspects of baby’s development. You can eat fish 2-3 times a week to supplement unsaturated fatty acids. < / P > < p > the unsaturated fatty acids in seafood are omega-3 fatty acids, which are commonly known as DHA and EPA. In the past decade, relevant studies have confirmed the important role of these substances for mothers and children. Studies have shown that seafood supplementation during pregnancy and three months after delivery can prevent mothers from prenatal and postpartum depression, more likely to give birth to healthy and high IQ babies, and more sensitive vision after birth. < / P > < p > therefore, for the health of the baby and mother, take more seafood. If the diet can not be achieved, parents can supplement DHA additionally. According to our data, they should take omega-3:1000 mg at least every day. DHA and EPA are very important for the brain. Parents must remember to eat more fish. < / P > < p > now many mothers know that folic acid supplementation during pregnancy can prevent various fetal malformations, and also help prevent depression and anemia of pregnant mothers. Folic acid can also be obtained from food, usually eat more green vegetables. Green vegetables, especially spinach and broccoli, are rich in folic acid, and the folic acid in plants is safer without side effects. < / P > < p > not only that, green vegetables are rich in dietary fiber, which can relieve constipation, and lutein is also good for pregnant women’s eyes. In addition, we should not only rely on folic acid in food, but also supplement 400 μ g folic acid every day during pregnancy, which is more scientific. < / P > < p > the requirement of calcium in late pregnancy is higher, and it is better to have 1000 mg calcium supply every day. Calcium supplements can be obtained from nuts, yogurt, beans, dark green vegetables. < / P > < p > nuts are not high in calories and easy to carry. They can be used as snacks for pregnant women. In addition, their high nutritional density can also help fetal development. All kinds of dairy products can supplement calcium, but yogurt has a unique flavor. Probiotics can promote gastrointestinal digestion. Pregnant women with poor stomachs can also use yogurt as snacks. If possible, homemade yogurt at home is also a good choice Good choice. < / P > < p > bean products, such as tofu, contain magnesium and vitamin K, which can improve the utilization rate of calcium, make it better absorbed, and can be eaten in breakfast. In addition to folic acid, dark green vegetables are also rich in calcium, which is not as high as dairy products, but vitamin D is more conducive to the absorption of calcium. < / P > < p > don’t forget the staple food just because you need more nutrition during pregnancy. For pregnant women in the first trimester, you can maintain the pre pregnancy diet. If the pregnancy vomiting is obvious, you can use dry bread, steamed bread, biscuits, etc. at breakfast to avoid using too greasy and sweet food to reduce the reaction of pregnancy vomiting. The staple food in the second and third trimester is mainly carbohydrates, including cereals, steamed bread, biscuits, etc In addition, with the increase of the baby’s age, pregnant women’s demand for nutrition is growing, so the principle of eating less and having more meals can be adopted. < / P > < p > in a word, the food should be diversified. Eating with various collocations can basically meet the daily nutritional needs. Pay attention not to smoke and drink. The most important thing is to develop good living habits and keep a happy mood. This is an important magic weapon to ensure eugenics and eugenics. Early to bed, early to rise, regular diet, less food and more meals, rich food collocations, moderate exercise and no pregnancy Need to have too big difference with the usual, do not make great efforts to make up, and finally wish you expectant parents a happy life, smooth production. Focus