Liaoning set up “three defense lines” to prevent birth defects

September 12 is the day to prevent birth defects. On September 11, the reporter learned from the provincial health and health commission that the province has established a multiple security system for comprehensive prevention and control of birth defects, covering urban and rural residents, including pre marriage, pre pregnancy, pregnancy and neonatal stages. To prevent and reduce birth defects is an important measure to improve the quality of the birth population and promote healthy Liaoning. The provincial Party committee and the provincial government attach great importance to the prevention and control of birth defects and improve the quality of the population. They also put forward clear requirements to strengthen the comprehensive prevention and control of birth defects. < p > < p > primary prevention is a comprehensive intervention before pregnancy and early pregnancy to ensure embryo health and prevent birth defects. Our province has carried out free pre pregnancy eugenic health examination program for 10 consecutive years, a total of 1.15 million couples of the right age have received this free service; 20 services have been provided for planned pregnant couples, comprehensive examination and evaluation, guidance for scientific pregnancy preparation; and free detection of AIDS, syphilis and hepatitis B for all pregnant women in the early pregnancy. < p > < p > secondary prevention is early detection and intervention for the fetus with defects, so as to reduce the birth of severely disabled and fatal defective infants. The whole province has implemented basic public health services during pregnancy and delivery, and comprehensive examination and risk screening have been carried out in early pregnancy. At the same time, we have established a complete network of birth defects monitoring, prenatal screening and prenatal diagnosis, and provided technical services such as serological examination, ultrasound examination, non-invasive fetal chromosome disease screening and amniocentesis. < p > < p > the third level prevention is after the birth of the defective baby, and the active diagnosis and treatment can improve the recovery. All newborns were screened free of charge for congenital hypothyroidism, phenylketonuria, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and hearing impairment, and the treatment of neonatal genetic metabolic diseases and some congenital structural malformations was carried out. In April this year, our province launched the implementation of free disease screening for newborns, which has benefited about 56000 newborns. < p > < p > in addition, our province has carried out the training project of birth defect prevention and control talents for three consecutive years, and trained 450 technical backbones. In September this year, five training bases for birth defects prevention and control in the province will receive 100 technicians for three months of off-duty training. < p > < p > according to the introduction, on the occasion of the birth defect prevention day, the provincial health and Health Commission has carried out theme publicity activities throughout the province to spread health knowledge and advocate healthy lifestyle in various forms, so as to create a good atmosphere for the whole society to attach importance to and support the prevention and control of birth defects. Focus