Ministry of Education: to supervise and urge all localities to make overall plans for the number of teachers

Recently, the official website of the Ministry of Education announced the contents of the reply to the proposal No. 7539 of the third session of the 13th National People’s Congress. In view of the proposal that “the whole province should make overall plans to revitalize the teacher career establishment stock, and give priority to the centralized contiguous poverty-stricken areas”, the Ministry of Education said that it would work with relevant ministries and commissions to urge and guide all localities to make overall plans to revitalize the teacher establishment stock, give priority to the centralized contiguous poverty-stricken areas, and gradually solve the problem of shortage of teachers in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas. According to the Ministry of education, after years of exploration, China has gradually formed a new way to improve the utilization efficiency of the establishment based on the central unified urban and rural staff establishment standards and local independent innovation. All localities have promoted the implementation of unified standards for the establishment of teaching staff in primary and secondary schools in both urban and rural areas, and the phenomenon of “one person, one school” has gradually decreased in accordance with the method of combining student teacher ratio with class teacher ratio for village primary schools and teaching sites with small students. The gradual innovation of establishment management has greatly improved the shortage of teachers in rural schools. By means of flexible establishment, establishment turnover pool and “special account for teachers”, the establishment stock has been revitalized, and the establishment has been adjusted dynamically. Some provinces try to break through the limit of the total number of staff, and solve the problem of the shortage of rural teachers by government purchasing services. At present, high schools in 24 provinces, junior high schools in 26 provinces and primary schools in 27 provinces have met the requirements of student teacher ratio. The Ministry of Education said that in 2014, the Ministry of education, together with the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of human resources and social security, jointly issued the proposal of “further establishing and improving the system and mechanism of job rotation of urban and rural teachers”, clarifying the work objectives, personnel scope, methods, incentive and guarantee mechanism, etc. It is stipulated that the proportion of teachers in urban schools and high-quality schools in each academic year shall not be less than 10% of the total number of teachers who meet the exchange conditions, and the exchange rotation of key teachers shall not be less than 20% of the total number of exchange. At the same time, it is required to strengthen the overall management of compulsory education teachers in the county, promote the management reform of “county management of school employment” of compulsory education teachers, and break the management system obstacles of teacher exchange and job rotation. In 2019, the general office of the CPC Central Committee printed and issued it, which clearly implemented the “county-level management and employment” of rural teachers to promote the flow of talents to the grass-roots level. In the next step, the Ministry of education, in cooperation with the Ministry of human resources and social security, will continue to do a good job in “county management of school employment” and further promote the integrated development of urban and rural compulsory education. In addition, in response to the proposal of “increasing the supply of rural teachers”, the Ministry of education replied that in the next step, the Ministry of education, together with the Ministry of human resources and social security and other relevant ministries and commissions, will strengthen policy guidance and norms, guide all localities to innovate public recruitment methods and methods, explore and improve the ways and methods reflecting the characteristics of rural schools and job requirements under the premise of adhering to the open recruitment system, so as to promote the rural areas The village education is developing healthily. < p > < p > the client of China Youth Daily reported in May this year that Zhou Hongyu, deputy to the National People’s Congress, vice president of China Education Association and professor of central China Normal University, found that “in some areas, there seems to be a large number of staff, but in fact there is a serious shortage of front-line teachers”. < p > < p > taking a county investigated by Zhou Hongyu as an example, more than 250 teachers have retired in recent five years, more than 50 teachers each year, 44 teachers who are unable to go to the podium due to serious illness in the compulsory education stage of the whole county, more than 30 teachers on maternity leave every year, more than 120 teachers are occupied by dormitory administrators of boarding schools, and there are not a few administrators and teachers participating in the central work of targeted poverty alleviation As a result, a large number of front-line teachers are in short supply. < / P > < p > “and most of the teaching points in the county have only a few students, and even some teaching points have only a few students. There is a situation that one teacher teaches two students and two teachers teach three students, which occupies a large number of teachers.” Zhou Hongyu said. In view of the problems that teachers in poverty-stricken areas cannot be recruited, retained and taught well, Zhou Hongyu believes that we should introduce incentive measures on the establishment and treatment of rural teachers and other professional and technical talents in concentrated contiguous poverty-stricken areas, and further establish and improve the mechanism of job rotation exchange, reward and punishment incentive system and mechanism between urban and rural principals and teachers. We should increase the supply of rural teachers, strengthen the implementation of the special post teacher plan, reserve a number of rural teachers, and form a echelon configuration. In recruiting teachers, we should increase the proportion of county and township teachers, improve the treatment of rural teachers, implement the policy of teachers’ living subsidy, and fundamentally change the situation of high-quality education talent resources loss in concentrated contiguous poverty-stricken areas. In the above reply, the Ministry of education responded to the suggestion of “improving the treatment of rural teachers”. In the next step, the Ministry of education, together with the Ministry of human resources and social security, will continue to guide the local authorities to conscientiously implement various wage policies for rural teachers, guide the local authorities to improve the subsidy policies for township work, etc., and at the same time, strengthen supervision and inspection of all localities to ensure and gradually improve the treatment of rural teachers. Waistcoat line type abdominal abuse posture, shaping the perfect abdominal curve!