New changes in the formulation of fertility policy in the 14th five year plan: family planning fading out

According to, the contents of fertility policy include: formulating long-term population development strategy, optimizing fertility policy, enhancing the inclusiveness of fertility policy, improving the service level of eugenics and child care, developing inclusive care service system, and reducing the cost of fertility, parenting and education. Lu Jiehua, a professor of sociology at Peking University, told reporters in the 21st century economic report that one of the statements in the plan for fertility policy is to “optimize the fertility policy”, which was actually put forward in the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee. It is worth noting that “enhancing the inclusiveness of fertility policy” is the latest formulation. < / P > < p > what is “enhancing the inclusiveness of fertility policy”? Huang Wenzheng, a senior researcher and demographer specially invited by China and globalization think tank, understands that “there is room for this statement. I think there is a very important node in the adjustment of fertility policy in the future, that is, the data of the seventh census next year will be released. If the relevant data is low, further policies may be put forward.” < / P > < p > after the full liberalization of the second child, the birth rate rebounded slightly in 2016, and the fertility rate entered the decline channel again. The 21st century business reporter found that many couples had no plans to have a second child after the second child was fully released. < p > < p > Deng Lu, 39, has a 9-year-old daughter. After the full liberalization of the second child in 2016, she did not want to have a second child. She told 21st century business reporter that having a second child requires someone to take care of them. Both of them have full-time jobs and can’t leave. Parents are too old to take care of their children. They don’t have much energy to take care of the second child. < p > < p > she has communicated with her friends and found that few of her friends have the desire to regenerate. “We all think one child is enough. My friends are basically the only child or one of the husband and wife is the only child. If they want to have children, the “second child” has already been born as soon as the “second child” is released, and it will have no impact on them Zhong min, the mother of a 3-year-old boy, is 34 years old and does not intend to have a second child. For her, the cost of childbirth and parenting is the primary factor, followed by career is also an important factor to consider. She thinks that having a baby can divide a lot of energy. If the work is busy and it is the rising stage, there is no way to balance life and work. One child has made her very busy between home and work, and she has no energy to raise a second child. The relatively low fertility intention of < / P > < p > affected the improvement of fertility rate by fully liberating the second child. Huang Wenzheng said that at present, China’s fertility rate is relatively low, according to last year’s data, it may be only about 1.4, which is also due to the continuous impact of the liberalization of the second child. With the end of the two child policy, the fertility rate is likely to decline further in the future. The 13th five year plan proposes to adhere to the basic national policy of family planning and comprehensively implement the policy of two children for a couple. We will reform and improve the family planning service management, and improve the birth registration service system. However, in the 14th five year plan, the reference of “adhering to the basic national policy of family planning” faded out. Lu Jiehua pointed out that this formulation does not have a specific goal, but has flexibility and room for maneuver. China has a population of 1.4 billion. The inclusiveness of fertility policy is very important, which implies a direction of seeking common ground while reserving differences. It should be noted that since the “optimized fertility policy” is put forward, it means that the current fertility policy has not reached the corresponding optimization goal, and the major direction is to further adjust and improve the fertility policy. He said that from the point of view of the adjustment of the fertility policy, there are two points worth noting in the near future. One is the data of this year’s fertility rate. Is the fertility scale and fertility level still in a downward trend? The other is the seventh census data, which may not be available until May and June 2021 at the earliest. Zhong min points out that she, her colleagues and friends do not think that the more children they have, the more secure their pension will be. On the contrary, the post-80s generation represented by them will not focus on children. They also have the pursuit of self and career. < / P > < p > “after the release of the second child, many of the people who gave birth to the second child were friends around 40 years old. Most of the people in this generation were born in the 1970s, and they were looking forward to the liberalization of childbirth. But my generation, that is, the post-80s generation, in fact, will not expect much, and there will be little impact after opening up. ” Zhong min believes that the two child policy can meet the reproductive needs of her generation. Now living in Guangzhou, she feels how expensive it is to raise children in the first tier cities. The expenses of most double working families can only support the second child. Xu Yong has a 1.5-year-old daughter and plans to have a second child. He told 21st century business reporter that he wanted his daughter to have a partner, and if he had another child, the family atmosphere would be better. His wife is a full-time wife who takes care of the children at home, so having a second child has little impact on his work. “But because it costs to have a second child, it also needs more income. If there are better opportunities, they will also consider job hopping and accumulate capital for children. ” As for the adjustment of fertility policy, he thinks it has little influence on himself. “For the post-80s or 90s, they won’t have as much as the older generation. We will consider the issue of child rearing and education, especially education. We must be responsible for children. If there are too many children and not enough energy, the educational effect will be greatly reduced. ” Xu Yong said that as far as he is concerned, two children are enough, and he will not consider having three. < / P > < p > at present, the cost of childbirth, parenting and education has become the “pain point” of fertility increase. The plan proposes to reduce the cost of fertility, parenting and education, promote the long-term balanced development of the population, and improve the quality of the population. Lu Jiehua pointed out that during the “14th five year plan” period, China is facing a turning stage of population development. First, China has entered the eve of negative population growth; second, China’s aging development will enter the stage of rapid growth; third, China’s demographic dividend is declining rapidly. Therefore, he believes that “optimizing the fertility policy” or “reducing the cost of childbirth, parenting and education” are all part of China’s national strategy to actively respond to the aging population. Active response to the aging of the population has always emphasized action in previous statements. This time, it has been upgraded to the national strategy, which is an important change. < / P > < p > “it should be noted that even if we fully liberalize fertility, it is impossible to fully deal with a series of problems caused by aging. Therefore, it is also necessary to build a family friendly policy system so that people can afford to be born and supported. ” Mr Lu said. Focus