Primary and secondary schools will usher in “comprehensive decentralization” and streamlining activities to “unload the burden” for schools

It is the evaluation of the school or related teachers that the students’ examination scores are not good and the enrollment rate of the secondary and college entrance examination declines. Other issues, such as the lack of autonomy in the promotion of teachers, the use of funds and performance pay, and the tedious and onerous daily activities, put the primary and secondary schools “out of breath” one by one.

on the 24th, the Ministry of Education held a press conference to inform the eight ministries and commissions, including the Ministry of education, the Central Organization Department, the Central Propaganda Department, and the central editorial office, to solve the problems of heavy burden and insufficient school running vitality reflected by primary and secondary schools one by one, so as to “relax and reduce pressure” for primary and secondary schools. Lu Yugang, director general of the basic education department of the Ministry of education, said, “four major measures have been put forward: to guarantee the school’s autonomy, to enhance the school’s endogenous driving force, to enhance the support and guarantee ability of running a school, and to improve the school management mechanism.”

to “stimulate the vitality of running schools” is a long-term appeal of primary and secondary schools. On the reasons for the introduction, LV Yugang said: “the four beams and eight pillars of the basic education system have been basically established. At present, China’s basic education has basically solved the problem of “going to school” and is moving forward to “being good at learning.” The national basic education work conference held by the State Council last year pointed out that China’s basic education has entered a new stage of overall quality improvement. The lack of school running vitality is the key factor restricting the quality improvement. It is urgent to innovate the system and mechanism to further release and enhance the school running vitality of each school.

before the promulgation of the policy, the Ministry of education conducted a written survey in 31 provinces and Xinjiang production and Construction Corps, conducted field research in 10 provinces in the East, central and western regions, and extensively listened to the opinions of principals, teachers, relevant experts and municipal education departments. LV Yugang said that the most prominent problems reflected by the grass-roots units are “education and teaching, personnel distribution, funds use, condition guarantee, etc.”.

policy can suit the remedy to the case, and where the power can be lacked, it can be filled. However, will it fall into a vicious circle of “one tube will die and one will be disordered”? LV Yugang believes that in accordance with the requirements of deepening the reform of “deregulation, management and service”, this has been effectively avoided by adhering to the principle of streamlining administration and delegating powers. “We should try to make sure that what we should put in place and what we should manage can live up to it.” Lu Yugang said.

“mentioned three rights to be released: the autonomy of education and teaching, the autonomy of expanding the school’s personnel work, and the right to use funds. It should be said that these three rights are the most concerned by the school. At present, this policy measure has a relatively high gold content and should be fully released. ” Lu Yugang told reporters.

schools vary in many ways, with different levels of management, and the abilities of principals are also strong and weak. Therefore, in this decentralization, it is particularly proposed to give priority to those schools with higher education level, stronger self-discipline ability and higher professional spirit of principals, especially for those with reform and exploration We should first explore, encourage them to venture, try, and accumulate experience. After a good set of practices has been formed, we will further promote it to a higher level and a larger scope. Let this right go. This is called precise and directional empowerment. ”

for primary and secondary schools, what aspects should the local government “manage”? It is pointed out that “macro management”. We should pay attention to breaking down the barriers of departments, making full use of them, standardizing the school running behavior, and strengthening the supervision during and after the event.

the decentralization of teaching, personnel and funds will undoubtedly “unload the heavy burden” on primary and secondary schools. One by one, through several measures to relieve the burden.

the first measure is to protect the school’s autonomy. This is the place where “too much control” has been proposed before. “The first is to guarantee the autonomy of education and teaching. This mainly involves two levels: at the school level, it is proposed to encourage and support schools to develop characteristics and standards, and to strengthen the dominant position of school curriculum implementation. At the level of teachers, we should give full play to the main role of teachers in classroom teaching reform, encourage teachers to innovate boldly and improve teaching methods Lu Yugang said.

the second is to expand the autonomy of personnel work. Yu Weiyue, deputy director general of the Department of basic education of the Ministry of education, said that “we should give full play.”. He explained: “for example, we should expand the right of participation and choice in the appointment of vice presidents. We should encourage local governments to actively explore the nomination, inspection and appointment of vice presidents by schools according to the prescribed conditions and procedures; we should expand the autonomy of middle-level managers in the appointment of middle-level managers. According to the principle of streamlining efficiency, schools should set up internal institutions independently to select and employ middle-level managers independently; and expand the participation in teacher recruitment The school should fully respect and give full play to the important role of the school in the open recruitment of teachers. The school should put forward the recruitment needs and post conditions, and participate in the interview, investigation and determination of the personnel to be employed; expand the autonomy of the evaluation and appointment of professional titles, and expand the autonomy of the evaluation and appointment of the secondary and junior titles and posts by the qualified schools according to the standards, and the senior titles and posts are recommended or employed by the school according to the management authority Use “.

speaking of the spirit of implementation at the press conference, Liu Qiang, director of the Education Bureau of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, said frankly: “in practice, the most difficult problem is the evaluation system, a scientific evaluation system for the performance of the school, the principal and the local government.”

stressed that all localities should establish a correct outlook on political achievements and a scientific outlook on education quality. Schools, principals and teachers should not be unilaterally evaluated on the basis of the results of the secondary school entrance examination or the enrollment rate, and the tendency of “only pursuing higher education” and “only grades” should be avoided.

for how to resolve this difficulty, LV Yugang said, “the first is to strengthen the guiding role of evaluation. It is proposed to establish and improve the school running quality evaluation system guided by the development of quality education, strengthen the process and development evaluation, pay more attention to the evaluation of the actual effect of improving the school running quality, and take it as an important basis for the school to verify the total amount of performance pay and the implementation of evaluation forms for principals and teachers

Lu Yugang said that we should establish school incentives and resolve the “fraction only theory” from five aspects. “The first is to pay attention to the spiritual honor incentive, and actively carry out the selection activities of excellent teachers, teaching experts, teachers’ ethics pacesetters and excellent teaching teams; the second is to strengthen professional development incentives, encourage and guarantee teachers to participate in academic research activities such as training, teaching and research, and promote teachers’ professional development; the third is to improve the incentive for post promotion, effectively implement the post responsibilities of teachers, and put teachers’ moral performance and education into practice The fourth is to improve the performance salary incentive, improve the school performance pay distribution method, and incline to the front-line teachers and class teachers with outstanding educational and teaching achievements; the fifth is to highlight the care, love and incentive, strengthen ideological and political work and humanistic care, and enhance teachers’ professional sense of honor and happiness

what’s more than score? LV Yugang said that at present, the Ministry of education is studying and formulating evaluation standards for school running quality, including compulsory education, general high school education and preschool education, which include the evaluation of county education quality, the evaluation of school teaching quality and the evaluation of students’ academic development quality. “I hope this document will be published soon.” Lu Yugang finally said. Pigtail is the most delicious way to do, super simple, women often eat, beauty and beauty, delay aging