According to the US daily science website on August 7, the newly published results of a new international study show that heavy smokers smoke a cigarette a day, their risk of contracting certain diseases increases by more than 30%.
, the lead research conducted by the Australian precision medical center, University of South Australia, linked heavy smoking to 28 diseases. The results showed that the incidence rate of emphysema, atherosclerosis and lung cancer increased by 16 times, 7 times and 5.5 times respectively.
the researchers analyzed hospitalization data and mortality statistics of more than 150000 smokers in the British biomedical database to see how much smoking affected the risk of the disease. The results were published in the British Journal.
the risk of respiratory disease, cancer and cardiovascular disease increases with each cigarette smoked each day, said lead investigator Elena hupernin, a professor at the University of South Australia.
the report points out that the link between smoking and emphysema, heart disease, pneumonia and respiratory cancer is particularly obvious, but the researchers also found that smoking is also associated with many other respiratory diseases, renal failure, sepsis, eye diseases and complications during surgery or medical treatment.
Professor Xu Puning said: “smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. Smokers live 10 years shorter than non-smokers. Although the number of smokers worldwide has declined over the past 20 years, it is estimated that 20% of the world’s population over the age of 15 is still smoking. In the United States alone, there are 40 million smokers, of whom 16 million suffer from diseases caused by smoking. It costs them more than $300 billion a year
according to the latest statistics of Australia, about 13.8% of the adult population smokes every day. Although the number of smokers has decreased by 10% since 1995, it is estimated that 19000 Australians still die from smoking each year, accounting for 9% of the total disease burden, and the annual medical expenses amount to 137 billion US dollars.