Surging: whose responsibility is the prevention and control of myopia in the high school entrance examination?

If the uncorrected visual acuity is greater than or equal to 4.9, 5 points will be obtained; if the uncorrected visual acuity is between 4.6 and 4.8, it will be classified as moderate myopia; if it is less than or equal to 4.5, it will be classified as severe myopia, and 3 points will be obtained Changzhi, Shanxi Province, has made it clear that starting from 2022, naked eye vision and weight assessment will be included in the high school entrance examination. Although the score is not high, there is only two points difference between the highest score and the lowest score, it has caused widespread controversy. < p > < p > by including myopia and weight into the high school entrance examination, students and parents are forced to pay attention to physical quality. The original intention and good intentions can be understood, but this method is questionable. < p > < p > on the one hand, vision is affected by multiple factors, including congenital genetic factors, accidental injury and scientific eye use. It is unfair to include vision and weight into the score of high school entrance examination. Although the policy also takes into account congenital myopia, visual impairment caused by accidents, it is still not detailed enough, in fact, it is difficult to cover more complex causes. However, the myopia rate of primary and secondary school students in China is still high, and further younger. The main reasons are too much academic pressure, too little outdoor sports, too much use of electronic products and so on. For example, affected by the epidemic situation in the first half of this year, primary and secondary schools carried out large-scale online education and teaching, and the time spent watching electronic screens increased significantly, and the myopia rate increased significantly. According to the Ministry of education data, compared with the end of 2019, the myopia rate in this half year has increased by 11.7%, in which the myopia rate of primary school students has increased by 15.2%, that of junior high school students has increased by 8.2%, and that of senior high school students has increased by 3.8%. Therefore, from the root, prevention and control of myopia should start from reducing academic pressure, increasing outdoor sports, and improving the environment for eye use, which is more the responsibility of the government and schools. < / P > < p > in 2018, the Ministry of education and other departments jointly issued a clear “myopia prevention and control work, overall myopia rate and physical health status of children and adolescents into the government performance evaluation indicators, and local people’s governments at all levels are strictly prohibited to evaluate education administrative departments and schools based on students’ examination results and school enrollment rate.” The plan defines the responsibilities of local governments and schools, regards the effectiveness of myopia prevention and control as a rigid constraint on local governments and schools, forcing the government and schools to abandon the wrong concept of political achievements at the expense of students’ physical and mental health, and implement the responsibility of myopia prevention and control. < p > < p > in the case of academic pressure and entrance pressure, and the time of outdoor sports is difficult to guarantee, it is obvious that the psychological and economic burden of college students and parents will be further increased if eyesight is included in the high school entrance examination. Students bear the pressure of entering school, they must study hard and bear the risk of vision decline. On the other hand, they should be responsible for their own myopia decline and the score of high school entrance examination will be deducted, which may lead to a dilemma. In a sense, this reform has shifted the responsibility and pressure of myopia prevention and control to students and parents. < p > < p > while bringing the naked eye vision assessment into the high school entrance examination, Changzhi City has also introduced various measures to protect eyesight, including standardizing eye exercises, ensuring physical education and health courses, and reducing the academic burden of primary and secondary school students, improving the school environment for eye use and forbidding primary and secondary school students to bring mobile phones into the campus. These measures are the right way to prevent and control myopia, but this is precisely the difficulty to achieve the goal of myopia prevention and control. In particular, the burden reduction, let alone whether it can be really implemented, even if it is implemented, may fall into a strange circle of reducing the burden inside and increasing the burden outside the school. Therefore, the reform of education evaluation method behind the overload is more important. In a word, myopia prevention and control involves many subjects, which requires the joint participation of education, health, sports, finance and other departments. It is necessary to guide students and their parents to pay attention to the prevention and control of myopia, and to cultivate scientific eye use habits. However, the overall effect of myopia prevention and control and students’ eye use behavior are mainly affected by various policies. If the overall effect of myopia prevention and control is not good, the accountability should be the government and the school. Students have already undertaken the consequences of vision decline, and then link the vision with higher education, so that students can pay for the decline of eyesight, which is obviously not desirable. Of course, the procedure of Changzhi policy is also worth asking: is it related to the vital interests of the high school entrance examination and the majority of candidates, have you ever solicited the opinions of parents, experts and other groups? PARRENT&CHILDREN