The minimum age of criminal responsibility is to be lowered to 12

The 22nd session of the 13th Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress was held in Beijing on March 13. Many draft laws presented at the meeting attracted much attention, including the proposal to reduce the minimum age of criminal responsibility to 12 years old, to make it a crime to go to university by impersonation, to add separate legal punishment to violent assaults on police, and so on. Before that, the issue of lowering the age of criminal responsibility of minors has always attracted the attention of the outside world. This time, the draft stipulates that if a person who has reached the age of 12 but not reached the age of 14 commits the crime of intentional homicide or intentional injury and causes death, if the circumstances are flagrant, he shall bear criminal responsibility with the approval of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate. For the crime of raping a young girl, the draft states that a heavier penalty should be applied to such serious cases as raping a girl under the age of 10 or causing injury to the girl. < p > < p > in recent years, public opinion has paid close attention to the incident of going to university in some areas, which may be regarded as a crime in the future. In this regard, some members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, departments, local governments and the public have proposed that incidents such as going to university in disguise seriously damage the interests of others and undermine the bottom line of educational equity and social equity and justice, which should be specifically defined as crimes. The Constitution and Law Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) has studied and proposed to adopt the above-mentioned opinions, and make it a crime to embezzle or falsely use other people’s identity to obtain higher education admission qualification, civil servant employment qualification and employment placement treatment. Meanwhile, it is stipulated that those who organize and instruct others to carry out such acts shall be punished severely. According to the second draft of the amendment to the criminal law, the act of going to university in a false name is supposed to be a crime. In order to further strengthen the prevention and punishment of assaulting police, the second draft of the amendment to the criminal law adds a separate statutory penalty to the acts of violent attacks on the public police who are performing official duties according to law. Some members and departments of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) have suggested that the prevention and punishment of assaulting police should be further strengthened in law. The fifth paragraph of Article 277 of the criminal law should be amended to provide a separate legal punishment according to the provisions of heavier punishment for the crime of obstructing public affairs. < / P > < p > at the same time, more severe penalties will be imposed for the use and control of knives or the impact of driving vehicles. The Constitution and Law Committee of the National People’s Congress has studied and recommended the adoption of the above-mentioned opinions. < p > < p > in recent years, cross-border gambling has become a serious crime, resulting in a large amount of capital outflow, seriously damaging the national image and economic security. The draft amendment to the criminal law intends to amend the provisions on gambling crimes and increase the intensity of punishment. The second draft of the amendment to the criminal law stipulates that the penalty allocation for the crime of opening casinos should be further adjusted, and at the same time, the personnel of overseas casinos should be added to organize and attract Chinese citizens to gamble abroad. Before that, some departments proposed that doping violations would seriously damage the national image, undermine the fair competition of sports competitions, and seriously damage the physical and mental health of athletes. It was suggested that athletes should be organized and forced to use doping, and that athletes should be lured, abetted and deceived to participate in major domestic and international sports competitions with doping, or provide them with stimulants The situation is defined as a crime. < p > < p > the second draft of the amendment to the criminal law adds the crime of sexual assault by personnel with special duties. Those who have special duties such as guardianship, adoption, care, education, medical treatment, and have sexual relations with a minor female who has reached the age of 14 and under the age of 16, regardless of whether the minors agree or not, they should be investigated for criminal responsibility, and be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, and those with bad circumstances shall be sentenced to more than three years of imprisonment Up to years in prison. < / P > < p > the third draft of the revised law of the people’s Republic of China on the protection of minors intends to further strengthen the protection of personal information of minors, and clearly handle the personal information of minors under 14 years old with the consent of their parents or other guardians; network service providers should take measures such as disconnection of links to stop cyber bullying and information endangering minors’ physical and mental health And report to relevant departments. According to the second draft, some departments, local governments and the public suggested that some servicemen should be allowed to return to their original units after retirement. After studying with the Ministry of Veterans Affairs, the Constitution and Law Committee proposed to add the following provisions: ex servicemen and conscripts who were members of government organs, mass organizations, public institutions or state-owned enterprises before they joined the army may choose to return to their posts and work. The second draft of the draft also stipulates that the Constitution and Law Committee, after studying with the Political Work Department of the Military Commission, proposes to add provisions: military civilian posts, posts in national defense education institutions, etc., should give priority to qualified veterans. < p > < p > on the 13th, the wildlife protection law was submitted to the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress for deliberation, which clearly stipulated that illegal eating of wild animals was prohibited in the general provisions. In the third chapter of the revised draft, specific provisions are added to prohibit the consumption of wildlife under state key protection, “three haves” terrestrial wildlife and other terrestrial wildlife. It is forbidden to produce, market or illegally purchase food made from the above-mentioned wild animals and their products for the purpose of eating. < / P > < p > in addition, the revised draft adds provisions on catering places, prohibiting online trading platforms, commodity trading markets, and catering places from providing display, trading and consumption services for illegal sale, purchase, consumption and use of wildlife and their products or prohibited hunting tools. < p > < p > the draft defines the scope of application, improves the rules for personal information processing, improves the rules for cross-border provision of personal information, and clarifies the rights and obligations of individuals in the process of personal information processing, as well as the departments performing the responsibility of personal information protection, with a total of 70 articles in eight chapters. < / P > < p > the draft will deal with public health emergencies, or protect the life and health of natural persons in an emergency, as one of the legal situations for processing personal information. It is also clear that in handling personal information under the above-mentioned circumstances, the processing rules stipulated in this law must be strictly observed and the personal information protection obligation shall be performed. The draft law on the protection of personal information also makes it clear that if an organization or individual outside the territory engages in personal information processing activities that damage the personal information rights and interests of citizens of the people’s Republic of China, or endangers the national security and public interests of the people’s Republic of China, the state network and information department may list them in the list of restrictions or prohibitions on the provision of personal information, make an announcement, and take measures to restrict or prohibit the provision of personal information It is forbidden to provide personal information to them. The draft also makes it clear that if any country or region adopts discriminatory prohibitions, restrictions or other similar measures against the people’s Republic of China in the protection of personal information, the people’s Republic of China may take corresponding measures against the country or region according to the actual situation. Don’t want to get pimples again? “Acne” you should do this