The original culprit of many skin diseases is it

In 1996, Malassezia was divided into seven species, namely: pityropsis / synaxyl / obtuse / globose / restrictive / sloffith / Malassezia pachydermoides. < / P > < p > in recent years, 7 new strains have been found: derma / Japan / Daiwa / Nana Malassezia, and M. equine, M. caprae, M. cuniculi, which increased the number of Malassezia species to 14. < / P > < p > under normal circumstances, Malassezia is more clever, will not be infected, but under the action of some special inducing factors, it will “outbreak”, excessive proliferation causes the disease. < / P > < p > at present, the skin diseases and problems that may be associated with Malassezia infection mainly include Malassezia Folliculitis, pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema of head and neck, dandruff, psoriasis and so on. < / P > < p > Malassezia Folliculitis is also known as fungal folliculitis, or pityrosporum folliculitis. Performance for no acne, shape and size of the same Qiu herpes, often accompanied by pruritus. < / P > < p > inducing factors include long-term use or broad-spectrum antibiotics, in addition, skin obstruction, sweating and greasy are also important inducements. It is more common in warm tropical areas or in hot climate. < / P > < p > pityriasis versicolor, commonly known as “sweat spots”, also known as tinea versicolor. General performance for the skin light brown spots or gray spots, sometimes can be slightly red, the surface has very thin scales, not itching pain. < / P > < p > about vitiligo – predisposing factors include oily skin, sweating, immunosuppression, malnutrition, pregnancy, oral contraceptives and glucocorticoids. Like Malassezia Folliculitis, it is relatively easy to develop in hot areas. < / P > < p > seborrheic dermatitis is usually characterized by oily erythema with yellow scab on the surface. It often occurs on both sides of the nose, eyebrow and brow, forehead, external auditory canal, scalp and other sebum overflow parts. < p > < p > at present, it is known that the possible cause of seborrheic dermatitis is that sebum secretion provides a good living condition for Malassezia, which leads to the onset of seborrheic dermatitis. < / P > < p > head and neck eczema is a subtype of atopic dermatitis, which is difficult to treat. It usually occurs in patients with atopic dermatitis after puberty. < / P > < p > its clinical manifestations are usually erythema on the eyelids, forehead and neck, sometimes similar to urticaria. The affected area is itchy, and there are often scales, causing eczema attack. < / P > < p > the possible cause is that some people have type I hypersensitivity to Malassezia antigen, which may be triggered by sweating. < / P > < p > the disease can occur all over the body, manifested as scaly erythema, and the surface will be covered with thick silver white scales; when it occurs on the scalp, it is manifested as more dandruff, redness of the scalp, and bundle of hair; psoriasis may also damage the nails, manifested as turbid and thickened deck, which looks like onychomycosis. < / P > < p > the inducement may be excessive secretion of sebaceous glands, providing nutrition for the proliferation of Malassezia, stimulating the scalp, leading to the abnormal proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes, resulting in the increase of physiological dandruff. < / P > < p > skin diseases such as bacterial infection, fungal infection, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or dermatitis caused by physical or chemical damage to the scalp can lead to pathological dandruff. < / P > < p > since these diseases are all infected by Malassezia, antifungal and anti-inflammatory therapies are almost universal methods to treat them, but drugs should also be used according to the specific condition and severity. [1] Liu Yilu, Yang Xiaohong, Cao Yi. Research status of Malassezia furfur on the occurrence and development of psoriasis [J]. Chinese Journal of Dermatology and Venereology, 2014:81-83= https://luanban.com/category/healthy/ target=_ blank>HEALTHY LIFE