The waste of teaching materials is astonishing: if recycled, 40000 hope primary schools can be saved in one year

There are more than 40 tons of teaching materials in the workshop of a provincial renewable resources Co., Ltd. in Central China. I picked up a textbook and flipped through it. I found that it was in good condition, clean and tidy. The company’s official said that in the peak season, the amount of teaching materials recycled every month was three times that of the present, and most of them were sent to paper mills. People in the industry point out that the consumption of textbooks in China is huge, and the printing of textbooks is becoming more and more high-end. If they can not be recycled, it will cause great waste. At present, the free teaching materials of music, art and physical education in compulsory education stage have been recycled, but in terms of quantity, it is less than a fraction of the total teaching materials. However, most of the teaching materials in compulsory education stage, senior high school and higher education stage still rely on market transaction. Due to the obstruction of industrial chain and high cost of supply and demand, the effective circulation has not yet been realized. According to the data of the State Administration of press and publication, the retail volume of textbooks and teaching books for primary and secondary schools, colleges and secondary schools, amateur education and teaching books in the past five years has averaged about 2.8 billion copies per year, with an amount of more than 20 billion yuan. If these teaching materials are recycled for one year, the cost can be saved and about 40000 hope primary schools can be built. < / P > < p > “if you sell a sack of books, you can only afford one sack.” “The book priced at more than 1000 yuan was sold to the waste station for more than 10 yuan.” From time to time, we can see the messages of graduates on the Internet. < p > < p > from May to July every year is the peak season for purchasing textbooks by waste purchasing stations. Where was the textbook used as waste paper recycling? The company’s official said that these textbooks are mostly used to produce recycled paper, but the recycling paper processing process is complex and the cost is even higher than that of the original pulp paper. < p > < p > according to the statistics of the State Administration of press and publication, in 2018, only primary and secondary school textbooks and teaching books were sold, with a total retail volume of 2.930 billion copies, totaling 25.989 billion yuan. According to this data, if all primary and secondary school textbooks and teaching books sold in that year can be recycled, more than 20 billion yuan can be saved in one year. According to the donation standard on the official website of China Youth Development Foundation, a hope primary school can be built by donating 500000 yuan. < / P > < p > offline textbooks are sold as waste paper, while online second-hand textbooks are increasingly popular. According to a person in charge of an old book website, the transaction volume of second-hand teaching materials on the website has increased by more than 30% annually in recent three years, and the total sales volume this year has exceeded 14 million yuan. Behind the huge market potential of second-hand textbooks is that a large number of textbooks have not been effectively utilized. < / P > < p > in the stage of compulsory education, some free teaching materials have been recycled. Since 2008, free teaching materials such as music, art, sports, health, science and information technology have been recycled. However, the number of recycled textbooks is still less than a fraction of the total. Especially in the high school and higher education stage, teaching materials are purchased by students at their own expense, and the recycling of teaching materials relies more on market transactions. There are some blocking points, such as industrial chain obstruction, high cost of matching supply and demand, sellers of second-hand textbooks or encountering legal risks. < / P > < p > on the one hand, industrial chain obstruction increases the cost of matching supply and demand. The second-hand teaching material market lacks perfect platform and service system support, and the matching between supply and demand is inefficient. The time of updating textbooks is uneven, which restricts its recycling. Moreover, sorting and managing second-hand textbooks and uploading information to various e-commerce platforms require strong data processing ability, which is difficult for ordinary booksellers. On the other hand, the second-hand book sales platform and sellers may encounter legal risks due to imperfect policies and regulations. According to and, units or individual industrial and commercial households engaged in publication distribution business through the Internet should obtain; units and individuals engaged in publication distribution business must purchase goods from publishing and distribution units which have obtained the qualification of publication wholesale and retail according to law. < / P > < p > “the establishment of the recycling system of teaching materials can not only save resources, but also help to cultivate students’ consciousness and sense of responsibility.” Zhu bin, vice principal of Guanyuan school in Yichun City, Jiangxi Province, said that as a tool book, the content of teaching materials is relatively stable, and the printing quality of teaching materials is getting better and better, and there is a basis for recycling. < p > < p > ZHU Bin’s school specially formulates the management system of circulating teaching materials, which are distributed to students by the group leader of lesson preparation before class. After class, they are collected by the teacher and placed in the grade group. At the end of the semester, they are handed over to the school library for safekeeping. In order to ensure the sanitary condition, the circulating teaching materials should be disinfected regularly every week. < / P > < p > for non free teaching materials, schools can establish a recycling mechanism for teaching materials that meet the recycling conditions, explore the corresponding incentive mechanism, and encourage students to donate second-hand textbooks. < / P > < p > in the era of sharing, it needs the efforts of enterprises, education departments and individuals to establish a comprehensive, systematic and highly operational sharing platform covering primary and secondary schools and even colleges and universities to realize the recycling of resources. The relevant departments can revise and improve the regulations on the management of the publication market, standardize the publication distribution activities according to law, distinguish the merchants and individual sellers, new books and old books, implement policies according to categories, and encourage the circulation of second-hand teaching materials. Focus