These knowledge should be mastered for earthquake prevention and disaster reduction

On September 11, 1999, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies designated the second Saturday of September as world first aid day. It is hoped that through this anniversary, all countries in the world should pay attention to the popularization of first aid knowledge, so that more people can master first-aid skills and skills, save lives and reduce the degree of injury at the scene of the accident.

when there is any accident or emergency, few medical staff can arrive at the scene to treat the injured and sick at the first time. Therefore, the correct emergency treatment of the first witness is very important, which can not only buy time for the patients to receive systematic diagnosis and treatment, but also directly determine the prognosis of the patients.

and earthquake, as a kind of sudden disaster event, often causes harm to people, sometimes even serious damage because of its sudden and strong destructive power. In the post earthquake rescue, professional rescue personnel can not reach each wounded person in the first time. In this case, it is of great significance to master certain first-aid knowledge and take correct self-help and mutual rescue to reduce earthquake casualties.

stabbing, scratching, abrading and bleeding are common in earthquakes. In fact, there is no way for people to paste soil on wounds to reduce inflammation and stop bleeding. In fact, the soil contains tetanus bacillus. This method can not only not disinfect and stop bleeding, but also easily lead to tetanus, which is fatal in severe cases.

the correct rescue method is to clean the wound with clear water or normal saline, then cover the wound with clean gauze or cloth, clothing strip, etc., and keep pressing for 5-15 minutes.

if the blood can not be stopped, it is necessary to use a tourniquet or a tough rope to bind. After the binding hemostasis, the blood band should be relaxed every other hour for two or three minutes, and the wound should be pressurized to stop bleeding, so as to avoid limb ischemia and necrosis for a long time, and be sent to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible.

to fix the injured part, the nearest materials such as branches, splints, plaster, etc. can be used for fixation, and then the rope or cloth is used to wrap the wound. It is appropriate to ensure that the distal toe is not numb, and the injured person should be sent to the first aid site as soon as possible;

if it is a spinal injury, the injured person can not be transported casually, but can be transported to the horizontal state by door panel and board Treatment at the treatment point.

after a long period of oppression by heavy objects such as stones and walls, earthquake survivors will face a fatal risk crush syndrome. This is one of the most hidden injuries in the earthquake.

crush syndrome is closely related to the scope, time and intensity of crush. If it is not found in time, severe cases may cause heart failure, renal failure and even death. Therefore, when the survivors are found buried after the earthquake, professionals should be invited to assess and rescue them.

early massive fluid infusion is the basis for the treatment of crush syndrome. The purpose is to correct shock and protect organ function by compensating fluid, improving microcirculation, diluting toxin and increasing renal perfusion. The first choice is intravenous access. When the venous route is not feasible, oral administration, nasal feeding and subcutaneous infusion can be considered. Don’t want to get pimples again? “Acne” you should do this