Two days of distance education in the United States in autumn?

To restart the U.S. economy in the fall of 2020, the U.S. government will be encouraged to restart the school economy. In practice, it is not easy for schools to force families who do not want their children to go to face-to-face teaching, so many places implement the “double track system” teaching in parallel with face-to-face teaching and home-based classes. After Thanksgiving, the university generally ended face-to-face teaching, and primary and secondary schools also faced winter vacation. At this time, what kind of report card did these schools hand in? < p > < p > according to many media reports, the failure of distance learning has been exposed in primary and secondary schools all over the country. For example, Fairfax County public schools, Virginia’s largest school district, reported an increase of 83% in failing grades, according to a study released on November 24. In Texas, the problem is particularly serious. In Houston’s Independent School District, more than 40 percent of students fail at least two courses, according to the data. In my school district, about 14% of students choose to study at home, and 93% of them fail at least one course. Is the failure of technology the failure of distance learning? What are the implications of these failures for Chinese educators? < / P > < p > it should be noted that American schools have classes at home through video conferencing systems such as zoom, which is called “distance learning”, which is different from the pre-designed “online learning”. Distance learning is the change of learning channel from face-to-face teaching to distance learning, which belongs to synchronous teaching. Only the mode of “transportation” of the course is changed, and the teaching is changed. The content of online course is mainly distributed in asynchronous way, supplemented by synchronous learning. Traditionally, educators are wary of synchronous distance education, not to mention face-to-face and distance education. The dual regulation teaching of face-to-face teaching and distance learning makes teachers consider not only the situation in the classroom, but also the situation of distance learning. As the attention is too distracted, teachers should put more energy and time into teaching. Sometimes they need to log in and open the zoom. At the same time, students in the class may have disciplinary problems to deal with. Most teachers are resistant to this teaching mode, and the resulting failure emotions will be passed on from person to person, especially to students. The dual track teaching also brings great convenience to teaching, and the technical obstacles can be solved quickly. School educators should not give up a new attempt too early. Instead, they should imagine the possibility of normalization of double track or multi track teaching in the future years. Only think that it is an episode and a flash in the pan that we have to deal with, and lack of higher pursuit will lead to large-scale failure. Schools are also responsible for the temporary failure of dual track education. Schools should better train teachers to do online and mixed classroom teaching. The self-discipline ability of primary and secondary school students is poor. The mixed and online courses need better curriculum design and more abundant teacher training. In addition, the epidemic may also lead to a change in learning mode. Many teachers, after making a little attempt at distance learning, find that students are not satisfied with online classes, while Khan Adademy has many resources, so they start “sheep herding” teaching and give students some websites for students to see by themselves. To put it better, this is called “flipped classroom”. To put it bluntly, this is teachers’ laziness. The scale of teaching resources needs to be mastered by teachers and students. Students don’t necessarily know how to screen and use massive network resources. Teaching is not only a matter of knowledge teaching, but also the guidance, feedback and evaluation of teachers, the interaction between students, and the construction of a sense of community. < / P > < p > in order to make teachers master the teaching under the dual track system, it is necessary to strengthen the development and training of teachers. In primary and secondary schools, as far as I know, the awareness of training is very weak. Many teachers, especially older teachers, rush to accept face-to-face teaching and online classes at the same time. Some of them even don’t learn how to use the course management system, so they rush to take “online classes”. Failure is normal and success is accidental. < / P > < p > training is a technical activity, which should be carefully considered in timing and content selection. Most primary and secondary schools in the United States are under the jurisdiction of school districts, and there are too many political factors interfering with teaching factors. Some decisions of the school supervisor are subject to the influence of the federal, state and municipal governments and education departments. Some decisions, such as whether to restart the school, can not be made by the local school district, let alone the school. Universities, especially private universities, can decide what to do in the autumn. When the school starts, it will make corresponding preparations. And I see the primary and secondary schools here. It seems that the school districts and schools can’t decide what to do in autumn. They just send out questionnaires and listen to parents’ opinions. Finally, the summer vacation was wasted, which could have been used for training and preparation. After the news of the failure was sent out, the school district’s solution was mainly to release water, such as canceling the final examination or lowering the requirements on students. This is a road that can’t be easily chosen. Usually, high standards and strict requirements can produce qualified students. On the contrary, American universities are much more successful in implementing the dual track system. Universities, especially private universities, if they can’t teach face to face, many universities will face problems such as idle dormitories and closed canteens. Many services can’t be carried out, even leading to the decline of enrollment, seriously affecting income and causing economic crisis. Therefore, colleges and universities have a sense of crisis. In order to maintain face-to-face learning, American colleges and universities have invested a lot of efforts in epidemic prevention, logistics support, especially the construction of online courses and mixed courses. Finally, the teaching mode is similar to that of primary and secondary schools. With the rise of the epidemic situation, most of the courses have been isolated among students or teachers in the middle of the semester, and the courses have entered the dual track mode. This is what we expected at the beginning, and we have accordingly entered into the preparation. No one is prepared for the failure of this model. We just want to make it successful. In my school, during the summer vacation of 2020, our teacher development center carried out a series of online courses training. I personally organized three sessions of online courses and mixed teaching training in May, June and July, with 10 lectures in each session, so that teachers can get full training of online courses and mixed teaching. In addition, the school’s technical, training, epidemic prevention, curriculum design departments and personnel almost follow the whole course of this course and take care of it all the way. Facing the arrival of festivals and winter holidays, colleges and universities celebrate the end of their courses. In American primary and secondary schools and colleges, face-to-face learning and distance learning have failed 10% in both primary and secondary schools, which makes people feel that there is a way to achieve where there is a will. Success and failure are self fulfilling prophecies. In the future, in China, the dual track teaching society will break the geographical boundaries, let students in backward areas have better access to high-quality education resources, and will not interrupt students’ learning in the face of bad weather, disease transmission and many other situations. Focus