Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease, but if blood glucose control is not good, it is easy to have different degrees of retinopathy, some patients will have cataract and glaucoma and other ophthalmic diseases, so ophthalmic surgery must be carried out. Due to the negligence of many patients, after ophthalmic surgery, the neglect of eye care will lead to a decline in the quality of life of patients, and some patients will be blind due to improper care. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the related problems of diabetic patients with ophthalmic surgery, in order to reduce the impact of surgery on patients.
there are many types of eye surgery for diabetes, but no matter what kind of surgery, blood glucose must be controlled reasonably, which can reduce the incidence of infection after eye surgery. Metformin hypoglycemic drugs should be taken before surgery, and should be stopped 24 hours before surgery. Insulin therapy can be used when the effect of medication is not ideal.
after eye surgery, diabetic patients should eat more vegetables and fruits to supplement various vitamins needed by the body, which can help the eyes recover faster and improve their visual function. They can eat more cucumber, cabbage, animal liver, milk and eggs.
for diabetic patients undergoing eye surgery, they must stay in bed after the operation to avoid strenuous exercise, prevent fundus hemorrhage and retinal detachment, and cause irreversible damage to the body.
diabetic patients need to control their blood glucose after surgery, and stabilize their blood glucose at a normal level through routine drug treatment. For overweight or underweight patients, we should also control their weight and keep it in the normal standard.
after the operation, we must carry out scientific nursing for the patients’ eyes, and try not to go out in strong light weather, so as to avoid the eyes exposed to strong light for a long time. In the use of mobile phones, computers and other electronic products, to properly close your eyes, ease eye fatigue.
patients with diabetes after eye surgery must be regularly reexamined to check the fundus and intraocular pressure to accurately judge the recovery degree of the disease.
although diabetic eye lesions are common, as long as early detection and reasonable treatment, can alleviate the visual function of patients and improve the quality of life of patients. For patients who should be treated with surgery, they should be actively treated with surgery. After surgery, they should take proper care of their eyes.